Scientific References

Several times I have been asked about putting references in Alcohol Explained to back up the text itself. I specifically haven’t put references in the book because I am aware that the readership could include those suffering from severe alcohol withdrawal so didn’t want to clutter the text up. The view from readers is mixed, with some agreeing that references should be left out, and others asking for them to be included. As a compromise I am going to add references to this section of the website, so that those who are interested can access the references here.

Please bear with me as this is a work in progress and is likely to take some time. If there is a specific area you want referenced that I have not got round to yet please drop me a line via the ‘Contact’ section of the website.


Chapter 2 – The Physiological Effects of Drinking

A. K. Rose, S. G. Shaw, M. A. Prendergast and H. J. Little. The Importance of Glucocorticoids in Alcohol Dependence and Neurotoxicity. Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, 7 SEP 2010 DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2010.01298.x

Roberto, M., Cruz, M.T., Gilpin, N.W., et al. Corticotropin Releasing Factor-Induced Amygdala Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Release Plays a Key Role in Alcohol Dependence. Biological Psychiatry. 2010 Jan 6.


Chapter 6 – Alcohol and Sleep

WILLIAMS, D.L.; MACLEAN, A.W.; AND CAIRNS, J. Dose-response effects of ethanol of the sleep of young women. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 44(3): 515-523, 1983.

ROEHRS, T.; YOON, J.; AND ROTH T. Nocturnal and next-day effects of ethanol and basal level of sleepiness. Human Psychopharmacology 6:307-311, 1991.

WILLIAMS, H., AND SALAMY, A. Alcohol and sleep. In: Kissin, B., and Begleiter, H., eds. The Biology of Alcoholism. New York: Plenum Press, 1972.

ROEHRS, T.; PAPINEAU, K.; ROSENTHAL, L.; AND ROTH, T. Ethanol as a hypnotic in insomniacs: Self administration and effects of sleep and mood. Neuropsychopharmacology 20:279-286, 1999.